Where Does Melanoma Spread To First?

What is the most aggressive form of melanoma?

Nodular melanoma – This is the most aggressive form of cutaneous melanoma.

It typically appears as a dark bump – usually black, but lesions may also appear in other colors including colorless skin tones..

How long does it take for melanoma to spread?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly dangerous form of melanoma that looks different from common melanomas.

Has anyone survived melanoma 4?

Prognosis: Stage IV melanoma is very difficult to cure as it has already spread to other parts of the body. However, a small number of people respond well to treatment, achieve No Evidence of Disease (NED), and survive for many years following diagnosis.

Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

“You could have melanoma for a long time before you realize it, because some types are not so obvious. Some aggressive forms, like nodular melanoma, grow fast, are visible and can hurt or bleed.” While certain groups may be at a higher risk for melanoma, anyone can get the disease.

Does melanoma show up in blood work?

Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose melanoma, but some tests may be done before or during treatment, especially for more advanced melanomas.

How long can you live with untreated melanoma?

Among all people with melanoma of the skin, from the time of initial diagnosis, the 5-year survival is 92%. Overall survival at 5 years depends on the thickness of the primary melanoma, whether the lymph nodes are involved, and whether there is spread of melanoma to distant sites.

Is a melanoma raised or flat?

Appearance: The first sign is a flat or slightly raised, discolored patch with irregular borders. The color varies and might include areas of tan, brown, black, red, blue or white.

How do I know if melanoma has spread?

If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have: Hardened lumps under your skin. Swollen or painful lymph nodes. Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.

Where do melanomas spread to?

Metastatic melanoma most often spreads to the lymph nodes, brain, bones, liver or lungs, and the additional symptoms experienced at this late stage will depend on where the melanoma has spread.

Is Stage 1 melanoma serious?

Prognosis for Stage 1 Melanoma: With appropriate treatment, Stage I melanoma is highly curable. There is low risk for recurrence or metastasis. The 5-year survival rate as of 2018 for local melanoma, including Stage I, is 98.4%.

What does the start of melanoma look like?

Melanoma borders tend to be uneven and may have scalloped or notched edges, while common moles tend to have smoother, more even borders. C is for Color. Multiple colors are a warning sign. While benign moles are usually a single shade of brown, a melanoma may have different shades of brown, tan or black.

Can you have stage 4 melanoma and not know it?

Sometimes the symptoms for stage 4 melanoma may not appear for many years after the original tumor was removed. Talk to your doctor if you’re feeling new pains and aches or symptoms. They’ll be able to help diagnose the cause and recommend treatment options.