Quick Answer: What Are Long Term Effects Of Diabetes Type 2?

How does type 2 diabetes affect the body?

With type 2 diabetes, your pancreas stops using insulin effectively.

This causes issues with being able to pull sugar from the blood and put it into the cells for energy.

Eventually, this can lead to the need for insulin medication..

What happens if type 2 diabetes is left untreated?

If type 2 diabetes goes untreated, the high blood sugar can affect various cells and organs in the body. Complications include kidney damage, often leading to dialysis, eye damage, which could result in blindness, or an increased risk for heart disease or stroke.

What happens to your body when your blood sugar is too high?

Having too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time can cause serious health problems if it’s not treated. Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems.

Is Diabetes Type 2 a disability?

Although you may not feel disabled, diabetes is classed as an ‘unseen disability’ under the Equality Act. This has its advantages as it can help to protect against discrimination at work.

How do most diabetics die?

1. Diabetes isn’t a serious disease. Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease. In fact, two out of three people with diabetes will die from cardiovascular-related episodes, such as a heart attack or stroke.

What are the long term effects of diabetes?

Long-term effects of diabetes The most common long-term diabetes-related health problems are: damage to the large blood vessels of the heart, brain and legs (macrovascular complications) damage to the small blood vessels, causing problems in the eyes, kidneys, feet and nerves (microvascular complications).

What is the most common complication of diabetes?

Nerve damage (neuropathy): One of the most common diabetes complications, nerve damage can cause numbness and pain. Nerve damage most often affects the feet and legs but can also affect your digestion, blood vessels, and heart.

Can diabetes affect you sexually?

Studies show that men with diabetes often have reduced testosterone levels, which can affect their sex drive. However, the main sexual health problem affecting men with diabetes is an inability to achieve or maintain an erection, known as erectile dysfunction (ED).

Can losing weight cure type 2 diabetes?

Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.

How long can you live with type 2 diabetes?

People with type 1 diabetes, on average, have shorter life expectancy by about 20 years. People with type 2 diabetes, on average, have shorter life expectancy by about 10 years.

What is the main cause of diabetes?

What causes type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.

Why are doctors no longer prescribing metformin?

This is because an unacceptable level of a probable carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) was found in some extended-release metformin tablets. If you currently take this drug, call your healthcare provider. They will advise whether you should continue to take your medication or if you need a new prescription.

What are the negative effects of Type 2 diabetes?

ComplicationsHeart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and narrowing of blood vessels (atherosclerosis).Nerve damage (neuropathy). … Kidney damage. … Eye damage. … Slow healing. … Hearing impairment. … Skin conditions. … Sleep apnea.More items…•

How do you know if you are dying from diabetes?

What are the signs of end-of-life due to diabetes?using the bathroom frequently.increased drowsiness.infections.increased thirst.increased hunger.itching.weight loss.fatigue.More items…

How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:Increased thirst.Frequent urination.Fatigue.Nausea and vomiting.Shortness of breath.Stomach pain.Fruity breath odor.A very dry mouth.More items…•