Quick Answer: Is Radioactive Iodine Harmful?

How long is isolation after radioactive thyroid treatment?

Depending on state regulations, patients may have to stay isolated in the hospital for about 24 hours to avoid exposing other people to radiation, especially if there are young children living in the same home..

Is it safe to be around someone who has had radiation treatment?

Some cancer patients who receive radiation therapy worry that their bodies will become “radioactive” after they receive radiation treatment. Their concern is that close physical contact with others could expose them to radiation. “The general answer to this concern is that physical contact is fine,” Snyder says.

What happens when you take radioactive iodine?

The radioactive iodine often kills an excessive amount of thyroid cells, leaving the thyroid unable to produce enough hormones—the opposite problem you had before. It might seem odd to replace one disorder with another, but hypothyroidism is much easier to treat on a long-term basis than hyperthyroidism.

Can you get cancer from radioactive iodine?

Patients treated with radioactive iodine also have an increased risk of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), stomach cancer, and salivary gland cancer.

What are the long term side effects of radioactive iodine?

Possible long term side effectsLower ability to have children (fertility) … Inflammation of the salivary glands (where spit is made) … Tiredness. … Dry or watery eyes. … Lower levels of blood cells. … Lung problems. … Second cancers.

What are the risks of radioactive iodine treatment?

Short-term side effects of RAI treatment may include:Neck tenderness and swelling.Nausea and vomiting.Swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands.Dry mouth.Taste changes.

Is radioactive iodine treatment painful?

Radioactive iodine treatment can make your neck swell up or hurt. Nausea or vomiting, which is usually mild.

Can I touch things after radioactive iodine?

Your body will slowly eliminate the radioactive iodine through body fluids such as your saliva, sweat and urine. As this happens, things you touch or people that come near you will be exposed to radioactive iodine, which is unsafe.

How successful is radioactive iodine treatment?

The success rate for destroying all remaining thyroid tissue was 76% after one dose and 90% after the second dose. The most important predictor of a successful treatment with radioactive iodine was a thyroglobulin <10 after the surgery and before first treatment.

Do you gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?

Weight seemed to stabilize in the long-term setting, with minimal increases between 8 and 12 months and at 24 months after radioactive iodine treatment. The clinical significance of weight gain from the time of diagnosis of hyperthyroidism to 2 years after radioactive iodine therapy is unclear.

How long are you radioactive after radioactive iodine?

Although the radioactivity from this treatment remains in the thyroid for some time, it is greatly diminished within a few days. The effect of this treatment on the thyroid gland usually takes between one and three months to develop, with maximum benefit occurring three to six months after treatment.

Does radioactive iodine weaken your immune system?

Treatment of Graves’ disease patients with radioactive iodide (RAI) can induce two therapeutically important alterations in immune response to thyroid antigens. These may be characterized as a first response and a second phase response.

How much water should I drink after radioactive iodine?

Starting right after your treatment, try to drink at least 1 cup of low-iodine liquid every hour while you’re awake. Keep doing this for 2 to 3 days after your treatment. You don’t have to wake up at night to drink liquids. Your urine will be radioactive so urinate as much as you can so to empty your bladder.

Can you die from radioactive iodine?

Radioactive iodine therapy for hyperthyroidism may be associated with an increased risk of death from cancer, according to a longitudinal cohort study published in the July 1 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.

How do I clean my house after radioactive iodine treatment?

The iodine-131 will wash out in the laundry….To decrease the spread of radioactivity:If possible, use a separate bathroom.Flush the toilet two times after each use.Men should sit down when urinating.If urine should be spilled/splashed, wash and rinse the affected area three times, using paper towels or tissue.More items…•

Which is better radioactive iodine or surgery?

The risk of death due to cancer or other causes was similar for the two treatment groups. Surgery for hyperthyroidism was associated with a lower risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death as compared to radioactive iodine therapy during long-term follow-up, particularly in men.

What can you not do after radioactive iodine treatment?

Do not travel on public transit or attend public events. Drinking fluids and sucking candy: Most of the extra radioactive iodine is eliminated in your urine. It is important to drink fluids after your treatment and for the next 2 days.

Can your thyroid grow back after radioactive iodine?

If you have thyroid cancer and you are treated with radioactive iodine, it may take from several weeks to many months for your body to get rid of any remaining cancer cells. Your thyroid nodule is unlikely to grow after being treated with radioactive iodine.